The Kamakura Bori Wood Carving has a long history and the tradition started at about 800 years ago. In that age, Kamakura Bakufu, known as the Government run by Samurai, accepted the Zen Buddhism from China and built many Chinese style temples. For making Buddhist statues, many famous sculptors like "Unkei" as the Nara sculptor of Buddhist statue came to Kamakura.
At the same time, the carving and painting method named "Chositu" had come to Japan from China also.
"Chositu" means painting Japanese Lacquer (japan) for many layers on a wood material to be a few millimeters and after Lacquers had been dried, carve it by chisels.
In Japan, got influenced from it, but built up the new method as to carve a wood material first with the Chinese design as Lion, Peony, Arabesque pattern using Japanese traditional wood carving technology, and painting Japanese Lacquers on a carved wood. The Buddhist altar fittings made by this method were handed down as the origin of Kamakura Bori wood carving.
After that, according to the Tea ceremony that had became popular, many tea utensils had been made and the Kamakura Bori had a long time consecutive prosperity, in Edo age (1603~1886), the Kamakura Bori has been expanded from Kanagawa area to near by districts.
Main players were Goto family and Mituhasi family in this period. Both families look "Unkei" as ancestor.
However, after Meiji Restoration, in Meiji age（1886~), the Abolition of Buddhist had happened, consequently, many Buddhist Statues had been destroyed and the Kamakura Bori had been forced to change its business.
Both families changed their business not only to make Buddhist Statues, or altar fittings but to make daily necessities as well, and developed the base of the modern Kamakura Bori.
In a current age, it has been the Artworks.